Sculpture highlights environmental damage done by Thames rubbish

A multi-coloured work of art made entirely from litter is highlighting the shocking levels of dumped plastic in London’s river.snip

Michelle Reader’s A Bellyful of Plastic was made using rubbish collected on the River Thames. It was created after experts revealed that stunning numbers of fish living there have plastic in their gut.

The work is part of the Cleaner Thames Campaign, launched by the Port of London Authority (PLA), Thames 21, Tideway and Totally Thames launched last year following research done by experts at Royal Holloway, University of London. It showed that three quarters of Thames flounder, a bottom-feeding fish, had consumed plastic. More than a fifth of smelt that were studied also consumed plastic.

Michelle used litter collected by the PLA on the 95-mile stretch of the tidal Thames that it looks after and a Thames 21 foreshore clean up in Grays. The sculpture, which shows a shoal of smelt, includes containers, bottles, shoes and even hats.

Artist Michelle Reader said: “It was both fascinating and a little disturbing to see the variety of material that collects in the water and on the foreshore. I was surprised by the sheer number of balls, discarded cotton buds and other items.

Artist Michelle scouts for litter to turn into art on a Thames21 clean-up along the Thames Estuary in Grays, Essex.

“It was an interesting challenge to turn it into something visually appealing, something that would tell a story in a way that could capture people’s imagination. I wanted to make people think about what happens to their waste, by drawing them in to take a closer look.”

PLA environment manager Tanya Ferry revealed that the authority collects 300 tonnes of litter and driftwood from the Thames every year, much of which is made up of plastic materials like single use plastic bottles.

“That’s the equivalent weight of twenty-four thousand discarded water bottles and it is probably only a small share of the total amount being dumped which damages our marine environment,” she said. “A Bellyful of plastic is a colourful reminder of what’s being done to our marine environment. The amount of waste being dumped in the Thames is simply hard to stomach and that’s why we’re working hard to clean it up.”

The plastic used to create this artwork was entirely collected from foreshore clean-ups along the River Thames

Debbie Leach, Chief Executive at Thames21, a waterways charity putting healthy rivers back at the heart of community life, said: “Plastic pollution is a very real problem in our rivers today. Because plastic doesn’t biodegrade, it is often ingested by wildlife mistaking it as food. The litter Michelle has recycled into this colourful artwork could not better demonstrate the scale to which this is an issue. Her thought-provoking piece also reminds us how we all have a hand in reducing plastic polluting our rivers.”

The Thames is home to 125 different fish species, 300,000 wintering birds, over 900 seals and nine sites of special scientific interest.

The Cleaner Thames campaign wants to stop the tide of rubbish that is ending up in the Thames and is calling on people to make sure their rubbish goes in the bin, not the world-famous River Thames.

A Bellyful of Plastic will be visiting campaign supporters and other sites along the Thames, to raise awareness of the litter problem and encourage people to dispose of rubbish more carefully.


  • Enquiries: Tom Conroy, Port of London Authority, Mob: 07951-748904
  • Download photos:
  • Bellyful of Plastic can be hosted by interested parties – Contact Tom Conroy as per above

 About the Cleaner Thames Campaign

  • The Cleaner Thames campaign is an information campaign aimed at stopping the tide of rubbish that is ending up in the Thames.
  • The campaign is facilitated by the Port of London Authority, Tideway, and Thames 21 and has a number of supporters who can be found on the campaign website:
  • For more information or to see the campaign videos visit:
  • The Campaign team can be reached at

 About Cleaner Thames core partners

Port of London Authority – The PLA oversees navigational safety and river operations on 95 miles of the tidal Thames from Teddington Lock, through the capital, and out to the sea. For more information visit

Thames21 – A charity that runs regular clean ups on many London rivers, including the Thames, that people can get involved with. For more information visit

Tideway – Tideway is the organisation delivering the Thames Tideway Tunnel which will improve the environment, ecology, public health, appearance and reputation of London. For more information visit:

Totally Thames Festival – Totally Thames takes place over the month of September and brings the river to life via an exciting season of arts, cultural and river events throughout the 42-mile stretch of the Thames in London. For more information visit


About the Thames environment

 The tidal Thames is home to over 125 different species of fish.

  • The latest (2014) Thames seal count by the Zoological Society of London found more than 900 seals living in the river. Over ten years of public reporting of seals in the river, Canary Wharf has established itself as the Thames’ seal spotting hot spot.
  • More than 300,000 over wintering birds make their home on the Thames every year.
  • The river is home to environmentally important and protected sites including: nine Sites of Special Scientific Interest, four Special Areas of Conservation and two Special Protection Areas

About Michelle Reader

Michelle Reader is a sculptor based in the London borough of Waltham Forest.  She has been working with recycled materials since 1997.  She makes unique figurative sculptures from household waste and found objects.  These distinctive sculptures draw attention to environmental issues whilst also minimising the environmental impact of the materials and processes used to create them.  Her work encourages people to consider the ways in which the things they throw away can affect the environment, and the potential of waste materials for creative re-use.  Alongside making her own sculptures, Michelle also works with galleries, schools, and other organisations as a freelance artist educator.